Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with many similar types of clothing originating in the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting garments derived from the initial garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but often also for lounging,[two] also by both equally sexes.[three] Extra generally, pajamas might consult with numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and nineteenth generations, as well as British affect on the wider Western planet through the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a style in Britain and also the Western world as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Girls of various classes, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is possible that we English took the routine like a superior a lot of Other people within the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was from time to time the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it is actually due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture crafted from delicate cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes called PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made before the nineteen fifties, but from the early twenty-very first century These are rather uncommon.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in design and style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length, or, from time to time, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may pidzame also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they have got in some cases included the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of quick gown best above shorts or limited pants.
Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become well-known while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.